Fertility tests are the best way to know about your infertility status and can help you find the cause of it.
In males, Semen Analysis is most common test performed.
The male partner is asked to give semen sample which will be assessed by andrologist for volume, count, motility, morphology and other parameters. Other tests like sperm DNA fragmentation and others can be done as per history.
In females, after a detailed history, Pelvic Ultrasound is performed to asses the uterus and ovaries.
Uterus is assessed for the endometrial lining, blood flow and any other abnormalities.
Ovaries are assessed for the follicle count which gives an estimate of the ovarian reserve.
Certain blood tests may be advised to find out any hormonal problems.
After that, the couple is explained about normal fertility and advice given based on the reports.
Remember that your doctor will plan tests based on you and your partner situation and medical history. Thus, you and your partner may not require all of the tests, and they may be done in a different order depending from doctor to doctor.