Treatment For Male Infertility


A) Low sperm count

Low sperm include is a condition wherein the sperm count is under 15 million/ml , that is oligospermia.

At the point when there are no sperms in the example , it is called Azoospermia.

Azoospermia can be obstructive or non obstructive.

Obstructive azoospermia is because of square in the section that the sperm needs to travel. Ex -Absence of Vas deferens.

Non obstructive azoospermia is because of extremely low creation or non creation of sperms.

Common Causes-

  • Genital surgeries
  • Undescended testis in adolescence
  • Disease of genital tract
  • Past history of Mumps
  • Makes driving expanded heat in genitalia-Testis are set external the human body as they need lower than internal heat levels to get by. Over the top intensity can prompt harm to sperm creation.
  • Smoking particularly in excess of 20 cigarettes each day
  • Unreasonable discharge 2 to 3 times each day
  • Hereditary causes like CBAVD (Congenital reciprocal shortfall of Vas Deferens) , Y chromosome microdeletion and so on

Treatment options-

  • Treating Infections with anti-infection agents: Infections assuming present ought to be treated with the assistance of anti-toxins. This is not always helpful. Medications can be given to address hormonal issues.
  • Correctable medical procedures Varicocele or an impeded vas deferens might be fixed. In persistant oligospermia, IVF treatment offers great pregnancy results. To accomplish pregnancy by means of IVF treatment, even low sperm counts are adequate.
  • In Azoospermia, sperm can frequently be recovered straightforwardly from the balls or epididymis utilizing sperm recovery strategies.
  • In PESA (percutaneous epididymal sperm yearning), sperms are typically recuperated from the epididymis by penetrating it with a fine needle.
  • In TESA or testicular sperm yearning (otherwise called TESE, or testicular sperm extraction), testicular tissue is sucked out through a fine needle, under neighborhood sedation. The sperm are then freed from tissue and utilized for ICSI.
  • On the off chance that no sperms can be removed through surgery, semen test from a matched contributor can be utilized for IUI or ART treatment.

B) Low sperm motility

Sperm motility treatment alludes to the development of sperm. Unfortunate sperm motility implies that the sperm don't swim as expected, which can prompt male infertility.

Normally atleast 32% of the sample should show forward progressive motility.

Treatment options:

1) Lifestyle modification

  • Reduce chemical exposure
  • Improve diet
  • Exercise regularly
  • Take nutritional supplements- Antioxidants to reduce stress
  • Stop Smoking, tobacco, alcohol, marijuana
  • Quit utilizing any anabolic steroids including any testosterone supplements

2) IUI (Intrauterine insemination)

  • Intra-uterine insemination (IUI) otherwise called Artificial Insemination is a cycle where the washed/handled semen is put into the uterine hole with the assistance of a catheter in and around the hour of ovulation (arrival of egg from the ovary)
  • The motivation behind IUI treatment is to present the best and the most motile sperms high up in the uterine depression for example as near the ovum as conceivable with the goal that the sperms need to venture to every part of the least distance
  • Procedure and details are described separately

3) IVF and ICSI

In semen sample having very low or even no motility, live but non motile sperms can be used to obtain promising results with ICSI. IVF and ICSI treatment have conveyed the most encouraging outcomes in instances of low count and motility.

IVF with ICSI treatment has conveyed most encouraging outcomes in male infertilty.

C) Erectile and ejaculatory dysfunction

Erectile and ejaculatory brokenness require subtleties history taking and advising. At time, it tends to be adjusted with the assistance of prescriptions or utilization of vibrator.

If not correctable, Sperm test can constantly be gotten by surgeries and ICSI treatment done to achieve pregnancy.